**Quantum Computers**

Are Quantum computers really here? Scientists are still debating whether the computers of D-Wave are actually Quantum or just Quantum-like. But for the non-computer scientist, we are more concerned about their performance. Currently these computing devices walk like a duck and quack like a duck. So we will accept that for our purposes, they are in fact Quantum computing machines.

Many organizations have purchased $10 Million dollar Quantum computers for research such as Google, NASA, universities, etc. But the purchase that raises eyebrows are the ones made by the National Zucking Agency. When noted in a press release a couple of years ago, it was a purchase of 10 of these bad boys. Surprisingly (or maybe not), the mention of this purchase disappeared from the Internet.

Why is this of interest? Quantum computing uses a different methodology for handling computations. It is able to process many mathematical computations in one instant instead of sequentially repeating for many calculations. This capability was utilized to create the Schor Algorithm which unfortunately solves a previously difficult computer problem very easily. This problem is called 'Prime Number Factorization'. This particular problem, and the difficulty of it is the basis of Asymmetric Encryption. Many encryption methodoligies rely on prime number factorization including Diffie-Hellman, Elliptical Curve, PGP, RSA. These are very popular crypto tools.

Now they can be broken by Quantum computers and very quickly. What would have taken 800 years to solve maybe done in seconds. At this moment, the average hacker does not have access to Quantum computers to break encryption but we must always wonder at the current capabilities of the National Zucking Agency.

Quantum computers will be a key machine in the progress of Artificial Intelligence. Watch out for this.

D-Wave Quantum Computer